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SEM Image of a grating

Electron Microscopy

Electron microscopy utilizes an electron beam to study the properties of the sample. Includes scanning electron microscopy (SEM).

Monochromatic light sources

Monochromatic light sources (either continuous wave or pulsed) are commonly employed in the characterization of the functionality of optical elements and in a variety of optical measurements.

Raman spectroscopy

Raman Spectroscopy constitutes a non-invasive analytical technique that furnishes intricate insights into chemical constitution, phase transitions, polymorphic variations, crystalline characteristics, and molecular interactions.

Spin coating

Spin coating is a method to apply a uniform film onto a solid surface by using centrifugal force and requires a liquid–vapor interface.

Optical thin-film coating

IBS NAVIGATOR 700 (Cutting Edge Coatings GmbH, 2016) is an optical coater designed for automatic coating of planar glass substrates. The system utilizes broadband optical monitoring (BBM) through monitor fused silica windows or layers can be deposited using time control.